By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
The rice belt of Laguna Province, Philippines (popularly referred to as the heartland of the golf green Revolution, for its early adoption of recent rice varieties), has skilled dramatic monetary and social alterations over the last 3 a long time. along with the most important advances in new rice expertise, 4 significant forces have brought on switch: expanding inhabitants strain on constrained land, implementation of land reform programmes, advancements in infrastructure reminiscent of irrigation and roads, and penetration of city monetary actions. a distinct information set generated from 11 surveys in the course of 1966-97 in a regular village in Laguna, as prepare during this ebook, illustrates a trend of socio-economic switch shared by way of many irrigated rice components within the Philippines in addition to in different Asian economies.
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Additional resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
It relied purely on rainfall stored in paddy fields, which were divided by mud banks. As the soil was submerged by water with the coming of monsoon rain sometime between May and July, the fields were puddled with carabaos, 26 A Rice Village Saga and rice seedlings were transplanted. After that, virtually no crop care, such as weeding, was applied before harvest. Mature rice plants were cut either by hand-held knives at the neck of the panicles (this practice had largely disappeared by the 1920s) or by sikles at the bottom of the stems, and threshed by hand-beating on wooden plates or bamboo stands.
INITIAL SETTLEMENT AND LAND OPENING (1880S TO MID-1950S) According to the legends of old-settled families in East Laguna Village, their grandparents or great-grandparents began to settle here around the 1880s. Before then, not only East Laguna Village but also much of the paddy fields on the Laguna de Bay side of the highway passing through the poblacion (town) of Pila was uncultivated, marshy, jungle. Pila poblacion is an old town which has been established since the early Spanish period. Most towns in the Laguna rice belt were originally developed as trading posts connected by lake lanes, and are equipped with ports even to the present day.
However, there were several advantages in the use of tractors in East Laguna Village. Those with floating wheels designed for moving on slippery soft mud in wet paddy fields could operate in deeplyflooded fields adjacent to Laguna de Bay, where even carabaos often got stuck. Some farmers felt it was necessary to replace carabaos by tractors because of the increasing scarcity of grazing land as a result of the expansion of the cultivated area, and others pointed out the advantage being able to store tractors under cover because of incidents of animal theft.