By R. A. Smith, N. H. Doshi, R. L. Johnson, P. G. Bhuta (auth.), Philip S. Green (eds.)

This quantity includes the lawsuits of the 5th overseas Symposium on Acoustical Holograhy and Imaging, held in Palo Alto, California, on July 18-20, 1973. The identify of this Symposium differed from that of the former 4 by way of the addition of the be aware "Imaging," reflecting a rise in emphasis on nonholographic equipment of acoustical visualization. For comfort, no switch has been made within the name of this released sequence. The forty two Symposium papers conceal a variety of theoreti cal and utilized themes, and successfully outline the state-of the-art during this quickly constructing box. lots of them relate to purposes of acoustic visualization in such assorted fields as nondestructive trying out, scientific prognosis, microscopy, underwater viewing, and seismic mapping. The papers awarded on the Symposium have been chosen with huge the aid of this system Committee. The Editor needs to thank the next people for serving as contributors of this committee: P. Alais, college of Paris, France; B. A. Auld, Stanford college; D. R. Holbrooke, kid's clinic of San Francisco; A. Korpel, Zenith Radio company; J. L. Kreuzer, Perkin Elmer company; A. F. Metherell, Actron Industries, Inc.; R. okay. Mueller, Bendix learn Laboratories; B. Saltzer, u.S. Naval lower than sea learn and improvement heart; F. L. Thurstone, Duke collage; and G. Wade, collage of California, Santa Barbara.

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**Example text**

3 A. For an electronically simulated refe renee beam cp is determined by the frequency multiplier N depicted in Fig. 3 in the following way: sin cp = N l\ 1. 2 P. ( 2) where P. is the scan length observed on the TV. Note the factor 1. 2 which comes from the fact that 20o/o of the horizontal line time is used for blanking purposes in the conventional TV system. The reference beam angle may be changed in one of two ways; by choosing an appropriate N or by changing the electronic magnification of the image, therefore, P..

We wish to make a conventional time average optical hologram of the vibrating planar object. image = the intensity in the reconstructed image of the object point (xo, Yo) 10 = the intensity in the reconstructed image when the object vibration is zero; and }0 = zeroth order Bessel function of the first kind Equation (2) is shown plotted in Figure l for 8 l = 0 = 82 . , etc. In conventional applications of time average holography the vibration amplitude is typically a few optical wavelengths. By counting the number of fringes (places where the image brightness goes to zero) from a known zero amplitude point to any point in question, it is possible to determine the vibration amplitude at that point.

PALERMO, AND A. KORPEL difference in the directions of the fringe shifts. That this occurs is a consequence of the fact that the direction of the simulated reference beam has changed sides with respect to the 10° insonification. One further illustrationof the simulated reference beam is shown in Fig. 5. This is an interferogram of a fruit fly larva in which N = 144, £ = l. l. and f3 = 10°. Hence, sin cp = l. 05. Heretofore, acoustic holograms have only been useful to the extent that optical reconstruction has been possible.