By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for fiscal learn) validated an "African reviews Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior learn into the commercial and political difficulties of constructing nations, with spe cial connection with the African international locations. by way of investigations into thestructure and clients of improvement within the constructing nations, the reviews Centre will objective at contributing in the direction of the construction of a actual basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's increase ment coverage could be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and financial sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up effective or even crucial, if fallacious and slim decisions are to be refrained from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced sensible courting which make sure fiscal occasions and their mutations outdoors Western commercial society than may be mostly accomplished via an remoted process. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his means ordinarily styles of progress. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Extra resources for Agricultural Development in Tanganyika
The Sukuma farm has two separate branches of farming: Crop cultivation which is done by the family and is the main source of income, especially of cash; and animal husbandry, the yardstick for wealth and social standing, which provides some security in times of want and old age, and is the family's source of animal proteins. e. approximately half the acreage available to a family. The rest is kept fallow. Cotton is grown on 3-4 acres, subsistence crops on the remainder. These usually consist of a variety of crops, such as maize, manioc and beans.
6 2 430 309 124 Economic balance sheet, shsJfarm Receipts coffee . . banana . other crops Horne consumption . 2 1,880 457 Farm income. . . . Wages for non-family labour Non-agricultural income 6 1,323 325 465 Family income 7 1,463 . . . . . of family . . . 85 500 970 i Total value of agric. prod. Expenses (without wages) . Productivity Labour available, M. E. . thereof non-family labour . Family income per man unit labour, shs . . . 5 914 1 Data about Machame are an arithmetic mean of a systematic sampie of 100 farms.
According to unconfirmed information obtained in the summer of 1963, the farmers prefer to relieve nature on thcir own fields. Fertile undersoils whidt are dug up when digging trendtes for the irrigation of fodder grass along the lake shore are used to fertilize the top sandy soils. Erosion Control. In addition, the Wakara have developed their own methods of erosion control: 1. The legurne used as green manure grows very slowly and ripens only after 9-10 months. Thus it covers the soil for long periods and protects it from erosIOn.