The Astrophysical Context of Life by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Life Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life

In 1997, the nationwide Aeronautics and area management (NASA) shaped the nationwide Astrobiology Institute to coordinate and fund examine into the origins, distribution, and destiny of existence within the universe. A 2002 NRC research of that application, lifestyles within the Universe: An overview of U.S. and foreign courses in Astrobiology, raised a couple of matters concerning the Astrobiology application. specifically, it concluded that parts of astrophysics relating to the astronomical atmosphere within which existence arose on the earth weren't good represented within the application. according to that discovering, the gap experiences Board asked the unique research committee, the Committee at the Origins and Evolution of lifestyles, to ascertain how one can increase and combine astronomy and astrophysics into the Astrobiology software. This file provides the result of that research. It offers a evaluate of the sooner record and similar efforts, an in depth exam of the weather of the astrobiology application that might take advantage of higher integration and augmentation of astronomy and astrophysics, and an overview of how to facilitate the combination of astronomy with different astrobiology disciplines.

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An example would be the search for biomarkers that require astronomy for remote detection but that could be defined in a manner (chemical disequilibrium) rather disconnected from any specific astrophysical context. The issue in Chapter 3 raised by the duplication of astronomical topics within the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) nodes is not only one of multiple teams exploring similar astronomical projects but is also an issue of whether other astronomical topics of astrobiological interest may have been overlooked.

Planetary and Space Science 48: 1107. J. Melosh. 2003. ” Astrobiology 3: 207. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html AREAS THAT COULD BENEFIT FROM AUGMENTATION AND INTEGRATION 25 densities, and temperatures of the local ISM are (1) high-resolution spectroscopy and (2) access to strong resonance lines. The ultraviolet (UV) has many strong resonance lines, but it requires going above Earth’s atmosphere, and unfortunately, the only two high-resolution spectrographs in space are in questionable condition.

Ebel, O. Eugster, J. Jouzel, D. A. Schmidt, J. J. Weaver, and J. Zachos. 2004. ” EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 85(4): 38-41. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 24 THE ASTROPHYSICAL CONTEXT OF LIFE the density of the interstellar medium in the vicinity of the Sun; and the statistical properties of the interstellar medium of relevance to arbitrary exoplanets and their host stars. Areas of Potential Interdisciplinary Interaction The issue of a galactic habitable zone raises a raft of interesting questions.

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