By Hans Albrecht Bethe
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5 Discussions of acceleration will use the Aerospace Medical Association convention. ” 6 CEE consists of things such as the g-suit, advanced crew escape suit (ACES), parachute, etc. 2 Crew Worn Equipment for details. COLUMBIA CREW SURVIVAL INVESTIGATION REPORT 1-5 Chapter 1 – Integrated Story The cabin stow and deorbit preparation portion of a shuttle mission is a busy period; according to many experienced crew members, shuttle crews often struggle to complete all actions in the time allotted, giving priority to time-critical orbiter systems activities.
P. 2-23) 4 Greenwich Mean Time. The orbiter forebody consists of the crew module, forward fuselage, forward Reaction Control System, nose cap, and nose landing gear. 5 COLUMBIA CREW SURVIVAL INVESTIGATION REPORT xxix Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusion L2-2. The seat inertial reels did not lock. (p. 3-20) Conclusion L2-3. Lethal injuries resulted from inadequate upper body restraint and protection during rotational motion. (p. 3-20, p. 3-87) Recommendation L2-1. Assemble a team of crew escape instructors, flight directors, and astronauts to assess orbiter procedures in the context of ascent, deorbit, and entry contingencies.
The second event with lethal potential was unconscious or deceased crew members exposed to a dynamic rotating load environment with nonconformal helmets and a lack of upper body restraint. The third event with lethal potential was separation from the crew module and the seats with associated forces, material interactions, and thermal consequences. This event is the least understood due to limitations in current knowledge of mechanisms at this Mach number and altitude. Seat restraints played a role in the lethality of this event.